Procreation is an essential part of life. Humankind and other organisms that thrive on this planet need to reproduce to continue their existence and enhance their genes.
Young offspring replace the deceased and the sick. At present, the lack of personnel in the health workforce poses a threat to the growing population of the human race.
There is a global shortage of 350,000 midwives, and the poorest countries of the world need a third of that total. Health experts have reported that the migration of health personnel affects all nations.
The inequity of staff in health workforce causes an imbalance regarding citizens having access to quality healthcare. The geographical mal-distribution of health personnel must urge governments from all around the world to improve staff shortages especially in underserved parts of the globe.
Midwives make up a significant portion of the health workforce due to the continuous increase in births around the world. The retention of midwives is a considerable challenge for many nations.
Duty redistribution of doctors and nurses has caused a higher demand for midwives. The redistribution of duties is done to avoid overworking among doctors and nurses.
Midwives have a significant impact not only on pregnancy outcomes, but their responsibilities extend to postnatal care for both mothers and babies. Further, they cover the tasks of teaching new mothers on breastfeeding, newborn care, family planning, breast cancer and cervical screening. Midwives are considered pillars of reproductive health programs.
Midwives reduce the risk of illnesses and deaths among mothers and infants. Thus, the reason why they play a never-ending significant role in the society.
The lack of global midwifery personnel poses a threat to international economies. Due to the danger caused by the shortage of midwives, younger generations are encouraged to pursue careers in midwifery.
In the UK, more than £97 million was spent on temporary staff and overtime to fill the gaps caused by the extreme shortage of 3,500 midwives. Experts have analyzed that new graduates of midwifery in the UK often migrate to other countries or find different careers due to the decrease of midwife salary. Midwives in the UK earn an hourly wage of £14 and an annual wage of £31,000.
Salaries of midwives in Asia are significantly lower than the wages in North America and Europe. An example of this phenomenon is the midwife salary in the Philippines and India, which is just $3,000 per year.
In the US, their annual wage for midwives is $95,000 to $100,000, and midwives in Switzerland earn $122,000 per year. The significant difference in fees causes a significant imbalance of the inequity of staff in midwifery.
Furthermore, the inequality of wages must urge international governments to improve systems and to increase salaries to avoid the shortage of personnel in the health workforce.